Rationality - From AI to Zombies

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This certain way of thinking is not taught systematically at all. It is just absorbed by people who grow up reading books like Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman or who have an unusually great teacher in high school.
In modern society so little is taught of the skills of rational belief and decision-making.

Biases: An Introduction - by Rob Bensinger

suppose that the white balls are heavier, and sink to the bottom of the urn. Then your sample may be unrepresentative in a consistent direction.
That sort of error is called “statistical bias.” When your method of learning about the world is biased, learning more may not help. Acquiring more data can even consistently worsen a biased prediction.

Cognitive biases are a basic part of how humans in general think. that your innate patterns of thought fall short of truth.
Like statistical biases, cognitive biases can distort our view of reality, they can’t always be fixed by just gathering more data, and their effects can add up over time.

Rational Feelings

Think Spock from Star Trek, who “rationally” suppresses his emotions, “rationally” refuses to rely on intuitions or impulses.
forms the best beliefs they can with the evidence they’ve got. A rational person, no matter how terrible a situation they’re stuck in, makes the best choices they can to improve their odds of success.

Dan Ariely notes: we’re predictably irrational. We screw up in the same ways, again and again, systematically.

The Many Faces of Bias