Reading for every child - Fluency
How much do I want to read more? 7/10
Nice exercices and ideas for youg kids to get ready before they know reading.
five key areas for early reading instruction:
- phonemic awareness. a child’s understanding of letter sounds and the ability to manipulate those sounds. Listening is a crucial component.
- phonics. connect those sounds to written text. encounters with letters and letter combinations.
- fluency. Fluent readers are able to recognize words quickly. The goal of fluency is to read more smoothly and with comprehension.
- vocabulary. As students increase their vocabulary knowledge, they also increase their comprehension and fluency.
- comprehension. Comprehension is “putting it all together” to understand what has been read.
Fluency in Kindergarten
To get ready to read:
- I teach them the letter names and sounds
- I introduce a few sight words for the children who are ready
- I emphasize concepts of print.
- I work on phonemic awareness activities
however, a vital element is missing from my instruction.
Fluency is the ability to read a text accurately and quickly and with expression.
When a child must stop often to figure out new words, he or she will probably find it difficult to determine meaning.
Research shows that fluency must be taught systematically.
Fluency activities by their very nature must be oral activities.
Some fluency goals for kindergarten:
- identify the alphabet letters accurately and quickly
- identify letter sounds accurately and quickly
- develop phoneme blending and segmenting fluency
- build a base of vocabulary knowledge
- have repeated exposure to teachers and other adults as they model fluent reading
Fluency at this level is “caught” rather than “taught.”
In this book, activities will involve reading books aloud, choral or echo reading, and reading big books. Chants, poems, rhythm, and rhyme will be used to encourage fluency.
One of the first ways to assess fluency in your kindergartners is through observation.
Watch the children, especially as they work and play.
Listen to their language and see how they relate to others.
Assessment of your class’s skills in naming letters and initial sounds should be one of your first steps.