How much do I want to read more? 7/10
First of all, that's a huge book.
It's a scholar book, like the one you would usually study at University.
It's illustrated and has a lot of references.
It's all about the brain.
My understanding of the brain was almost nonexistent, and this book explains it in a simple way.
For example, I didn't know animals with only a spinal cord came first, then animals with brainstems, then animals with forebrain.
Anatomically, each part is formed one after the other in that same order.
Functionally, each part goes from the most basic (to convey sensory informations), to the most advanced (cognitive functions) the regulation of eating, drinking, moving, being in the middle.
I can't wait to see how many more I'll learn in this book.
To all students whose interest in how the brain produces the mind and controls behavior makes this book possible.
1. The development of Neuropsychology
This book’s objective is to describe neuropsychology, the scientific study of the relations between brain function and behavior.
1.1 the Brain theory
If you make your right hand into a fist and hold it up with the thumb pointing toward the front, the fist can represent the brain’s left hemisphere.
The brain’s basic plan is that of a tube filled with salty fluid called cerebro spinal fluid (CSF).
The folds, or bumps, in the cortex are called gyri (gyrus is Greek for “circle”), and the creases between them are called sulci (sulcus is Greek for “trench”).
The cortex of each hemisphere forms four lobes, each named after the skull bones beneath which they lie. The temporal lobe is located below the lateral fissure at approximately the same place as the thumb on your upraised fist. Lying immediately above the temporal lobe is the frontal lobe, so called because it is located at the front of the brain beneath the frontal bones. The parietal lobe is located behind the frontal lobe, and the occipital lobe constitutes the area at the back of each hemisphere.
To visualize the relations among these parts of the brain, again imagine your upraised fist: the folded fingers represent the cortex, the heel of the hand represents the brainstem, and the arm represents the spinal cord.
Evolutionarily, animals with only spinal cords preceded those with brainstems, which preceded those with forebrains.
Anatomically, in prenatal development, the spinal cord forms before the brainstem, which forms before the forebrain.
Functionally, the forebrain mediates cognitive functions; the brainstem mediates regulatory functions such as eating, drinking, and moving; and the spinal cord conveys sensory information into the brain and sends commands from the brain to the muscles to move.